Stem Cells for Transverse Myelitis

Stem Cells for Transverse Myelitis

Patients suffering from uncommon conditions, such as transverse myelitis, often have limited treatment options, since these conditions lack the funding and the research needed to understand the disease and its causes. Here we will discuss stem cells for Transverse Myelitis.

Regenerative medicine, also known as stem cell therapy, unlocks a new understanding of conditions and treatments. Physicians are discovering the potential of new methodologies, such as stem cell therapy. This alternative therapy may offer options for rare and common conditions affecting millions of patients worldwide. 

Transverse myelitis is a rare condition, affecting only about 1400 people per year. Understanding and treating transverse myelitis can improve the lives of patients and their loved ones and may lead to breakthroughs in treating related disorders and diseases with overlapping symptoms. 

What Is Transverse Myelitis?

Transverse myelitis is a neurological condition in which inflammation in the spinal cord damages the protective coating around the neurons, called myelin. Damaged myelin disrupts communication between the nerves in the spinal cord and the rest of the body, which can result in partial or total paralysis.

Patients with transverse myelitis often experience weakness in their arms and legs, bladder and bowel dysfunctions, sharp, radiating pain, and abnormal sensations like burning, tingling, and numbness.

How Does Stem Cell Therapy Work?

Stem cells can differentiate into different types of specialized cells that develop into blood, bones, organs, and other tissues. These specialized cells can repair, restore, replace, and regenerate cells. 

In stem cell therapy treatments, physicians strategically administer the cells to best target damaged or destroyed tissues. The stem cells then work to rapidly regenerate, differentiating into the cells necessary to heal the damaged tissue.

How Can Stem Cells Manage Transverse Myelitis?

Researchers are investigating stem cell treatments for transverse myelitis by exploring the potential for stem cells to restore demyelinated spinal cords. These studies help physicians understand how transverse myelitis damages the myelin sheath and the mechanisms that may be able to treat the disease. 

Researchers are currently seeing promising results in differentiating stem cells into healthy motor neurons, directing the new cells to repair the damaged myelin sheath and restore their connection with muscle fibers. 

Additionally, stem cell therapies show promise in regulating the immune system and regulating inflammatory proteins, working to restore function to the spinal cords of patients who have partial paralysis due to the progression of transverse myelitis.

Stem cell studies working with transverse myelitis patients work to discover new possibilities in preventing the progression of the disease, reducing the relapse rate, and diminishing the harmful inflammatory effects of the condition. If you would like to learn more about stem cells for Transverse Myelitis contact us today!

Stem Cell Therapy for Neurological Disorders

Stem Cell Therapy for Neurological Disorders

Regenerative medicine, also known as stem cell therapy, offers a new range of treatment options for patients suffering from neurological disorders. Here we will discuss Stem Cell Therapy for Neurological Disorders.

Neurological conditions often rely on symptom management through medication. However, stem cell therapy has begun to emerge as a new alternative management option for neurological conditions.

How Does Stem Cell Therapy Work?

Stem cells are the only cells in the human body that can differentiate into specialized cells. Stem cells lie dormant throughout the body in bone marrow, fat tissues, and various organs until they’re needed to regenerate lost or damaged tissue. 

When stem cells regenerate, they undergo a process called asymmetrical division. In this process, one cell becomes a perfect replica of the stem cell, and the other cell becomes a specialized cell. Stem cells also reproduce rapidly, so they react quickly when called to action.

The new cells work to repair or replace damaged cells, heal wounds, and restore function lost through dead or damaged cells.

What Neurological Disorders Benefit from Stem Cell Therapy?

As regenerative medicine research continues to grow, studies exploring the effects of stem cell therapy on neurological disorders have shown positive results in helping to manage many conditions such as:

Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral palsy is a condition that develops before, during, or shortly after birth due to damage to the brain. Symptoms of cerebral palsy in children include poor coordination and underdeveloped reflexes.

In studies, stem cell therapy shows the potential to replace damaged or nonfunctional brain cells in cerebral palsy patients, provide support to the neurons, and reduce scarring in the brain.

Multiple Sclerosis (MS)

Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune disease in which the immune system attacks the central nervous system and damages the nerve fibers. The damage to the nervous system interrupts the communication between the brain and the rest of the body, causing symptoms like pain, weakness, and vision loss.

Trials exploring stem cell therapy in treating MS resulted in most patients not experiencing a relapse in MS symptoms or brain lesions for five years after their treatment.

Parkinson’s Disease

Parkinson’s disease is a neurodegenerative condition in which the loss of neurons in an area of the brain stem reduces dopamine production. As a result, patients with Parkinson’s disease can experience problems with movement, muscle control, gait, and balance.

In early studies, stem cell therapies worked to replace the lost neurons, and patients saw a reduction in muscle rigidity and tremors.

While there’s plenty of work needed to understand the most effective methodology and course of treatment, early research on using regenerative medicine to treat neurological disorders points to promising results. If you would like to learn more about stem cell therapy for Neurological disorders, contact a care coordinator today at Stemedix!

Best Ways to Treat Sciatica Pain

Best Ways to Treat Sciatica Pain

Pressure on the sciatic nerve can cause a painful condition called sciatica. Sciatica pain radiates down the lower spine to the buttock and then down the back of the leg. The pain of sciatica can exist anywhere down the nerve’s pathway and is often caused by a herniated disc. While most sciatica pain eventually dissipates on its own, some patients endure chronic pain that needs more aggressive treatment. Here we will discuss the best ways to treat Sciatica pain.

What Are the Best Treatments for Sciatica Pain?

Most treatments for sciatica pain are non-surgical. However, surgery may be the best treatment option when sciatic nerve pain causes more concerning symptoms, such as significant weakness, loss of bowel or bladder control, or pain that continues to worsen. 

Additional sciatica pain treatments include:

Balancing Rest and Low-Impact Exercise

Short periods of bed rest may be necessary when sciatic nerve pain flares up. However, low-impact exercises can provide sciatica relief, including walking, biking, swimming, and yoga. 

Exercise improves the muscles and joints of the spine, increases blood flow, and reduces pressure on your nerve roots. In addition, daily exercise can offer relief from further sciatica flare-ups. 

Heat and Ice Therapy

Hot and cold therapy treatments can reduce swelling, relieve pain, and expedite healing. Applying cold compresses to the source of your back and sciatic pain can numb the pain, ease inflammation, and temporarily send blood away from the site of the cold therapy. 

After 20 minutes or less, removing the cold compresses and switching to heat therapy stimulates increased blood flow to nourish the site of the pain with nutrient-rich, oxygenated blood. The combined process offers pain relief and engages the natural healing process. 

Physical Therapy

Your physician may recommend physical therapy to stretch and strengthen the back and reduce pressure on the sciatic nerve. Additionally, these exercises can improve your alignment and posture, making further spinal concerns less likely. 

For optimal, long-term results, continue any prescribed physical therapy treatments until the regimen is complete. 

Medications

Injuries trigger the body’s inflammatory response. That response sends chemicals to the injury site to promote healing and leak fluid into the tissues, causing swelling and protecting the injury. 

However, sometimes that inflammation causes other concerns, like pressure on the sciatic nerve. NSAIDs like ibuprofen, aspirin, and naproxen are anti-inflammatory medications that can alleviate that pressure. 

If sciatica pain doesn’t respond to the above medications, a doctor may prescribe muscle relaxants or opioids for a short period. 

While most of those who suffer from sciatic nerve pain find the condition resolves independently, you can expedite the recovery process with the above treatments. If you want to learn more about ways regenerative medicine and stem cell therapy have been able to help treat sciatica pain, contact us today at Stemedix. We are here to help you!

What Is Shoulder Impingement Syndrome?

What Is Shoulder Impingement Syndrome?

The human shoulder is not as simple as it looks from the outside. It’s made of multiple bones, tendons, and muscles that all work together to give you a full range of motion. The three bones in the shoulder are the scapula (shoulder blade), the humerus (upper arm bone), and the clavicle (collar bone). In this article with will discuss shoulder impingement syndrome.

A group of tightly packed muscles known as the rotator cuff stretches from your shoulder blade to the top of your humerus to keep the humerus sitting comfortably in the glenohumeral joint, or shoulder joint. The rotator cuff is what gives you the ability to rotate your arms and raise them above your head. 

However, with so many moving parts packed into such a small area, there are lots of opportunities for something to go wrong. Since the rotator cuff sits between two bones, it’s vulnerable to becoming pinched between them. This is known as shoulder impingement syndrome. 

What Causes Shoulder Impingement Syndrome?

Shoulder impingement syndrome can be caused by anatomical abnormalities, such as bone spurs, that limit the amount of room the humerus has to move within the shoulder joint. However, it’s more often caused by overuse of the shoulder or injury. 

When the rotator cuff is overused, injured, or irritated, the tendons begin to swell. You’ve probably experienced swelling in other parts of your body before. It’s uncomfortable, but it’s usually not a big deal and subsides within a few days. But since the rotator cuff is surrounded by bone, it doesn’t have room to swell without the tendons rubbing against bone. 

The more the tendons rub against bone, the more swollen they become. And the more swollen they become, the more they rub against the adjacent bones. It’s a vicious circle that can be hard to break. 

How To Manage The Pain

Shoulder impingement syndrome can limit your range of motion by causing weakness and stiffness in your arm and making it painful to lift, reach, and rotate your arm. But the pain can be managed using a few different methods. 

When the syndrome is caught early, physical therapy can be very effective at reducing inflammation, improving your range of motion, and strengthening your rotator cuff. NSAIDs like ibuprofen, aspirin, and naproxen can also be taken to temporarily reduce the pain caused by swelling and inflammation. For severe cases of shoulder impingement syndrome, surgical intervention may be required. 

However, an increasing number of people are looking into regenerative medicine as an alternative option to avoid surgery and, in some unavoidable cases, recover from surgery. Mesenchymal stem cells offer a potential therapeutic and restorative option to help manage pain, decrease inflammation, and repair damaged tissues. Their paracrine signaling through extracellular vesicles generates a regenerative microenvironment that helps to inhibit scar tissue formation, reduce inflammation, and promote angiogenesis. If you would like to learn more about the treatment options for shoulder impingement syndrome, contact a care coordinator today at Stemedix!

When To See a Specialist About Back Pain

When To See a Specialist About Back Pain

Back pain is one of the most frequent physical complaints among adults. It’s also the leading cause of missed work in the U.S. Most back pain goes away on its own within a week or two, but if you have persistent severe back pain or pain that is accompanied by other symptoms, it may be time to see a specialist. Here we will learn when to see a specialist about back pain.

Signs Your Back Pain May Require Treatment

Rest, ice packs, and mild stretching are often enough to relieve back pain, but pain is the body’s way of telling you something is wrong. If you’re experiencing any of the following along with your back pain, make an appointment with a healthcare professional.

Numbness and Tingling

Numbness, burning, tingling, or pain that radiates into the buttocks and down one or both legs could be a symptom of spinal stenosis. 

Spinal stenosis is an orthopedic condition that causes the spinal canal to narrow and put pressure on the spinal nerves. Treatments for spinal stenosis include physical therapy, pain medication, surgery, and non-invasive regenerative medicine.

Incontinence

Experiencing urinary or bowel incontinence with back pain is a sign of a serious problem known as cauda equina syndrome. With this condition, the compression of a grouping of nerves — the cauda equina nerves — causes a loss of bowel or bladder control. Seek emergency medical help if you experience incontinence with back pain.

High Fever

A fever may indicate that your back pain is caused by an infection. Fever is a reaction of the immune system as it tries to combat harmful germs before they do severe damage. 

People with compromised immune systems or autoimmune diseases may have difficulty fighting off infection naturally. It’s possible that the two symptoms are unrelated, but fever with back pain could indicate an infection of the spine, a bladder or kidney infection, spinal cancer, shingles, or other conditions that require medical intervention.

Back Trauma

If you have taken a fall, been in a car accident, or experienced another type of trauma, your back pain could be caused by an undetected back injury. 

It’s normal to feel stiff or sore for the first 24-72 hours after a trauma, but if rest and over-the-counter pain medication aren’t enough to reduce your pain, you may have injured a muscle or have a small fracture in one of the bones in your back.

Don’t Ignore Pain

Don’t assume your back pain is “nothing” or that it will go away on its own. Back problems can turn into serious health issues if they’re not taken care of properly. If you have any of the above symptoms or pain that persists even though you’re taking care of yourself, pain management can ease your suffering. If you would like to learn more about pain management for back pain contact stemedix today and speak with a care coordinator.

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