Mesenchymal stem cells are a specific type of stem cell. MSCs have been the subject of many medical studies and extensive research. MSCs are essentially the raw materials that the body uses to generate new tissues. 

These versatile cells can differentiate or transform into many different forms of cells, including the following:

  • Skin cells
  • Corneal cells
  • Neural (brain) cells
  • Muscle tissue
  • Cartilage
  • Bone

Like many other types of cells and hormones, MSCs are found in lower concentrations as people age. The remaining mesenchymal stem cells also become less robust, which means that they are not as effective at replacing damaged tissues.

When they were originally discovered, MSCs were thought to have been present within the bone marrow only. However, researchers later discovered that this was not the case. MSCs can be retrieved from the following locations and utilized for stem cell therapy:

Bone Marrow Aspirate

When harvesting MSCs from bone marrow aspirate, a medical professional will retrieve MSCs from the bone marrow using a large syringe. While MSCs are technically present in all bone marrow, physicians typically retrieve aspirate from the hip. This large bone structure has the highest concentration of MSCs and is also the easiest spot to access.

Adipose Tissue

MSCs can also be sourced from adipose (fat) tissue. This method is much easier on the patient than using bone marrow aspirate. In addition, the adipose tissue may have a higher concentration of MSCs than the bone marrow.

Umbilical Cord Tissue

The third potential source of MSCs for therapeutic purposes is umbilical cord tissue. Specifically, medical professionals harvest Wharton’s Jelly, which is located within the umbilical cord. Wharton’s Jelly yields the largest concentration of MSCs and is from healthy C-Section births from screened and tested mothers. 

What Can MSCs Be Used For?

MSCs have the potential to reduce the symptoms of various ailments, including osteoarthritis, sports-related injuries, and neurodegenerative conditions

While the overall effectiveness of MSCs is still being studied, many patients experience benefits such as reduced pain, improved quality of life, and long-term relief of symptoms. However, the cumulative impact of MSCs will depend largely on the condition being treated and patient-specific factors.If you or a loved one are facing an autoimmune disorder, orthopedic condition, or neurodegenerative condition, mesenchymal stem cells may be a potential option to explore further. This approach has the potential to slow the progression of degenerative conditions or stimulate the body’s natural healing processes. If you would like to learn more contact us today!

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