Summer Is Approaching — How to Cope and Stay Safe in Extreme Heat
The rising summer temperatures may offer more opportunities to enjoy the outdoors and come with an increased risk of heatstroke. Planning for hot days allows you to enjoy the longer, warmer days without suffering when the temperatures rise.
Who Is at Risk of Medical Concerns in the Heat?
Anyone can become ill from too much time in extreme temperatures. However, some people are more likely to suffer from medical concerns stemming from too much time in the heat. These people include:
- Those with chronic medical conditions
- Those with mental illness
- People on certain medications
- Those with limited mobility
- People over the age of 65
- Babies and young children
- Overweight or obese people
- Those who work or exercise outdoors
Additionally, people who are more accustomed to cooler climates may be more affected by hotter temperatures.
How to Stay Safe in the Heat
When temperatures rise, people are more likely to become dehydrated, which can cause cramps, exhaustion, or heat stroke. Some tips for staying healthy in the heat include:
- Drink plenty of water
- Eat foods high in water
- Wear sunscreen
- Stay in the shade
- Avoid being out in the hottest part of the day
- Wear light-colored, loose-fitting clothing
- Avoid strenuous activities
- Use wet towels or cool (not cold) showers to keep from overheating
It’s essential to check on friends and family in times of extreme heat and have them check on you.
Prepare for High Temperatures
Right now is the time to ensure your safety in extreme temperatures. Prevent any issues when temperatures rise by taking the time to ensure your safety and comfort in cases of extreme heat. Some actions to take include:
- Knowing the signs of heat-related illnesses
- Identifying cool areas in your community where you can go
- Purchase window deflectors to reflect heat outside
- Install window air conditioners and insulate around them
If you have a whole-house air conditioner, check your unit to ensure it doesn’t need any maintenance or repairs before summer temperatures rise.
If You Experience Heat-Related Symptoms
If you experience heat cramps or heat exhaustion signs, go to a cooler location and remove excess clothing. Sip sports drinks or water, and call a healthcare provider if symptoms worsen or persist for more than an hour.
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